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[Emperor's Clothes]

by Petar Makara and Jared Israel

[Posted 9 December 2001]

"NO SERBS, JEWS, NOMADS ['Gypsies'] AND DOGS" - Text of signs on public establishments in secessionist Croatia in June, 1941.

In the article, "Worst Kept Secrets of the Bumbling Bear," we talked about the Vatican/U.S. government 'rescue' of Nazis from Eastern Europe and the Balkans at the end of World War II. (1)

Many of those people and their children were sent back to Europe in the late 1980s and early 1990s to help establish 'pro-Western' regimes.

To get a better sense of what this actually meant, we have to look more closely at whom it was that the U.S. Establishment, and the Vatican, rescued.

The following are scholarly snapshots of the so-called Independent State of Croatia, comprising Croatia and part of Bosnia Herzegovina.

Croatia was a clerical-fascist state, set up after the German Nazi invasion of Yugoslavia during the spring of 1941.

Jumping ahead to the 1990s, it was commonplace for the Western media to accuse Serbs of paranoia for resisting Croatian secession. Were they paranoid? Or did they have something very real to worry about?

During the 1990s, the Yugoslav press referred to the Croatian secessionist forces as 'Ustashi.' Allow us introduce you.

- Jared Israel

by Petar Makara


[Start Quote] "The greatest ethnic slaughter took place as Yugoslavia was carved up after the German invasion in April 1941. The creation of a separate Croatia ... controlled by the fascist, Catholic, extremist Ustasha movement was the catalyst for the tragedy... Now, historic Croatia was expanded to include Bosnia-Herzegovina and other territories, and the Ustasha were left ... to govern a population of nearly 7 million people, of whom about half were Croats, just over 2 million were Serbs, about 750,000 were Muslims, and small numbers were Protestants and Jews.... The Minister of Education, Mile Budak, made clear the Ustasha aims: 'Our new Croatia will get rid of all Serbs in our midst in order to become one hundred percent Catholic within ten years.' [End quote]

Professor Clive Ponting, "Armageddon," Random House, Inc., New York, 1995, pages 231-232.



[Start Quote] "In Bosnia... the Croatian fascists began a massacre of Serbs which, in the whole annals of World War II was surpassed for savagery only by the mass extermination of Polish Jews." [End quote]

The above quote was repeated by all versions of Encyclopedia Britannica from 1971 until 1987. You can find it for example in Encyclopedia Britannica Edition 1971, Volume 23, page 922 or in Encyclopedia Britannica, Edition 1987, Volume 29, page 1054. (The entry is entitled, "Yugoslavia, W.W.II") You may not find it in subsequent editions. Much of the previous record became politically incorrect since the U.S. and German Establishments began sponsoring a new, Independent Croatia in the late 1980s.



[Start Quote] "Croatia [under Fascist control called itself the 'Independent State of Croatia' or 'Nazavisna Drzava Hrvatska,' hence the initials NDH) ... Established during W.W.II...[it] was in existence from April 1941 to May 1945. Its area... consisted of what are today the Federative Republic of Croatia and the Federative Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina... Its capital was Zagreb. It had a population of 6.3 million, of whom 3.3 million were Catholic Croats, 1.9 million Serbs, 700,000 Muslims... 40,000 Jews, 30,000 Gypsies...

" ... Shortly after taking control, the Ustasha, with the support of many Croats, embarked upon what it called 'The Purge of Croatia from Foreign Elements,' which had as its main purpose the elimination of the Serb minority.

"In a brutal terror campaign, more than half a million Serbs were killed, a quarter of a million expelled, and 200,000 forced to convert to Catholicism.

"The Ustasha regime in Croatia, and particularly this drive in the summer of 1941 to exterminate and dispossess the Serbs, was one of the most horrendous episodes of World War II.

"The murder methods applied by the Ustasha were extraordinarily primitive and sadistic: thousands were hurled from mountain tops, other were beaten to death or their throats cut, entire villages were burned down, women raped, people sent to death marches in the middle of winter, and still others starved to death. " [End quote]

'Encyclopedia of the Holocaust,' Vol. 1, page 323, entry: 'Croatia.'



[Start Quote] "In April 1941 separatist Croats of the fascist terrorist organization 'Ustasha' set up in Zagreb an Independent Croat regime with Dr. Ante Pavelic as fuehrer, or "Poglavnik," and with Marshal Slavko Kvaternik as minister of war.

"The new state, organized on strictly fascist and authoritarian lines, excelled quickly by the special ruthlessness and cruelty with which it persecuted, and partially exterminated the large Serb minority and the small Jewish population..." [End quote]

"Encyclopedia Britannica, 1943 - Book of the year," page 215, Entry: 'Croatia'



[Start Quote] "Slavko Kvaternik explained [in a radio program on April 10, 1941, the day the 'Independent State of Croatia' was formed] how a pure Croatia should be built - by forcing one third of the Serbs to leave Croatia, one third to convert to Catholicism, and one third to be exterminated. Soon Ustasha bands initiated a bloody orgy of mass murder of Serbs unfortunate enough not to have converted or left Croatia on time.

"The enormity of such criminal behavior shocked even the conscience of German commanders, but Pavelic had Hitler's personal support for such actions which resulted in the loss of the lives of hundreds of thousands of Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina." [End quote]

'Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations,' Europe, edition 1995, page 91, entry: 'Croatia.'


QUOTE #6 - 'ONLY' KILLED 750,000

[Start Quote] "The Orthodox recipe of Ante Pavelic, Ustashi leader and Croatian Fuehrer, reminds one of the religious wars in [their] bloodiest aspects: one-third must become Catholic, one-third must leave the country and one-third must die. The last item was executed. When the leading men of the Ustashi movement are stating that they have slaughtered one million Serbs (including infants, children, women and aged) this in my opinion is a self-praising exaggeration. According to the reports that have reached me, my estimate is that the number of those defenseless slaughtered is some three-quarters of a million. [750,000]" [End quote.]

Herman Naubacher, "Sonderauftrag Sudosten 1940-1945. Bericht eines fliegenden Diplomate," Gottingen, 1956, 31. Mr. Naubacher was Hitler's personal assistant for Southeastern Europe and Balkan affairs.



[Start Quote] "The Ustashi murdered and tortured Jews and Serbs in indescribably bestial fashion. One of the most notorious camps in Hitler's Europe, Jasenovac, was in Croatia. Here the Ustashi used primitive implements in putting their victims to death - knives, axes, hammers and other iron tools. A characteristic method was binding pairs of prisoners, back to back, and then throwing them into the Sava River. One source estimates that 770,000 Serbs, 40,000 Gypsies and 20,000 Jews were done to death in the Jasenovac camp." [End quote.]

Dr. Nora Levin, "The Holocaust - The destruction of European Jewry 1933 - 1945," Schocken Books, New York, Edition 1973, page 515



[Start Quote] "In Croatia the indigenous fascist regime set about a policy of 'racial purification' that went beyond even Nazi practices. Minority groups such as Jews and Gypsies were to be eliminated, as were the Serbs: it was declared that one-third of the Serbian population would be deported, one-third converted to Roman Catholicism, and one third liquidated. ... Ustasha bands terrorized the countryside. The partial collaboration of the Catholic clergy in these practices continues to be a component of Serb-Croat suspicion." [End quote]

'Encyclopaedia Britannica,' Edition 1991, Macropedia, Vol. 29, page 1111.



[Start Quote] ""Nonpartisan sources agree that mass genocide was authorized by the state of Croatia. They concur the state instigated, planned, and executed masses against the Serbian Orthodox minority... and that the Catholic clergy approved, led, or failed to denounce these massacres. The Croats' collective hatred of the Orthodox Serbs was explicit in folk sayings such as ["Srbe o vrbe" -] "Serbs to the willows [hang the Serbs]."


By June 1941, signs on public establishments read, 'NO SERBS, JEWS, NOMADS ['Gypsies'] AND DOGS ALLOWED." [End quote.]

Professor Helen Fein, "Accounting for Genocide - Victims and Survivors of the Holocaust," The Free Press, New York, Edition 1979, pages 102, 103.



[Start Quote] "Catholic monks and other priests are alleged to have taken an active part in this struggle for the 'purity' of the Croatian land." [End quote.]

'The New Encyclopedia Britannica,' edition 1986, Macropedia (Knowledge in Depth), Volume 27, page 467, entry: 'Fascism in the Balkans (1930's).'



[Start Quote] "The greatest genocide during World War II, in proportion to a nation's population, took place, not in Nazi Germany but in the Nazi-created puppet state of Croatia. There, in the years 1941-1945, some 750,000 Serbs, 60,000 Jews and 26,000 Gypsies - men, women and children - perished in a gigantic holocaust. These are the figures used by most foreign authors, especially Germans, who were in the best position to know...

"...The magnitude and the bestial nature of these atrocities makes it difficult to believe that such a thing could have happened in an allegedly civilized part of the world. Yet even a book such as this can attempt to tell only a part of the story." [End quote]

Professor Edmond Paris, 'Genocide in Satellite Croatia, 1941- 1945,' November, 1961, The American Institute for Balkan Affairs, from the introduction.



[Start Quote] "Even the most extraordinary massacres in the darkest era of history would not soil its name - Croatia... Kill, kill, scream the Ustashi against Serbs. And they cut their heads off and throw bodies away into the Sava River which flows slowly and gravely in the direction of Belgrade...

"Go back to your motherland, go back to your motherland.

"Neither Fascists nor Nazi have the remotest resemblance to the Ustashi, they are a fauna absolutely extraordinary and strange..." [End quote]

Alfio Russo, "Revoluzione in Jugoslavia," Roma 1944



[Start Quote] "The real ruler [of W.W.II Croatia] was Ante Pavelic, a zealous Croatian nationalist and fanatical hater of Serbs... Pavelic lead a terrorist group called the Ustashi... 'A good Ustashi,' he told his men, 'is he who can use his knife to cut a child from the womb of its mother.' [End quote]

"Partisans and Guerillas, W.W.II," Time-Life books, page 87.



[Start Quote] "For now I began to get news from Croatia that told of slowly rising tide of murders, of unrepeatable atrocities, of massacres of defenceless Serbs by berserk-mad Croatians and by [fascist] Moslems in Bosnian Croatia. In the little back parlors of trusty men, the tales were whispered. I could not believe a quarter of them. Unfortunately, I was soon to know that they were a weak understatement of the truth. Men were to arrive in Dubrovnik itself, hung with strings of Serbian tongues and with bowls of Serbian eyes for sale." [End quote]

Ruth Mitchell, "The Serbs Choose War," Doubleday, Doran, 1943, page 148. Miss Mitchell, sister of the founder of the U.S. Air Force, General Bill Mitchell, was in Dubrovnik, Croatia, in April 1941, when Yugoslavia fell to the Nazi occupation and the Ustashi came to power.



[Start Quote:] "Jasenovac [was] the largest concentration camp in Croatia. Jasenovac was in fact a complex of several subcamps, in close proximity to each other, on the bank of the Sava River... established in August 1941 and was dismantled only on April 1945...

"Some six hundred thousand people were murdered at Jasenovac, mostly Serbs, Jews, Gypsies, and opponents of the Ustasha regime... The living conditions in the camp were extremely severe... A particularly cruel regime, and unbelievably cruel behavior by the Ustashe guards...

"The acts of murder and of the cruelty in the camp reached their peak in the late summer of 1942, when tens of thousands of Serbian villagers were deported to Jasenovac from the area of the fighting against the partisans in the Kozara Mountains." [End quote.]

'Encyclopedia of the Holocaust,' Vol. 2, page 739.



[Start Quote] "...It is estimated that a total of about 200,000 people met their death [in Jasenovac] during 1941-1942 [alone!]. Crowds of Jewish children were burned alive in the old brick ovens, transformed into crematories.

"Vjekoslav Luburic, commander-in-chef of all the Croatian camps, announced the great 'efficiency' of this slaughterhouse at a ceremony on October 9th, 1942... During the banquet which followed, he reported with pride: 'We have slaughtered here at Jasenovac more people than the Ottoman Empire was able to do during its occupation of Europe.'" [End Quote]

Professor Edmond Paris, "Genocide in Satellite Croatia 1941- 1945," The American Institute for Balkan Affairs, edition 1961, page 132



[Start Quote] "In the concentration camp at Jasenovac, on the night of August 29, 1942, orders were issued for executions. Bets were made as to who could liquidate the largest number of inmates. Peter Brzica cut the throats of 1,360 prisoners with a specially sharp butcher's knife. Having been proclaimed the prizewinner of the competition, he was elected King of the Cutthroats. A gold watch, a silver service, and a roasted sucking pig and wine were his other rewards..." [End quote]

Avro Manhattan, "The Vatican's Holocaust," 1986, page 48. During World War II Mr. Manhattan operated a radio station called "Radio Freedom" which broadcast to occupied Europe.



[Start Quote] "And there can be no return to the past, to the times when they the Serbs were spreading cancer in the heart of Croatia, cancer which was destroying the Croatian national being and which did not allow the Croatian people to be the master in its own house and did not allow Croatia to lead an independent and sovereign life under this wide, blue sky and within the world community of sovereign nations...They [Serbian refugees driven from their homes by the Croatian Army] didn't even have the time to take with them their filthy foreign currency or their knickers." Croatian Radio, transcribed by BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, August 28, 1995

That quote was from Franjo Tudjman, President of the Independent State of Croatia. This state was modeled on its Nazi predecessor. It was created when Croatia violently seceded from Yugoslavia in June, 1991, as a direct result of the German-U.S. strategy of using terrorist forces to break up Yugoslavia. Tudjman was speaking during a train tour of what had been Serbian Krajina, near Croatia in August, 1995. Trained by U.S. forces, armed by Germany, with U.S. fighter-bombers flying air support, the Croatian Army had just driven some 250,000 Serbs from their ancestral homes.

Serbian farmers owned the land and lived in the Krajina for over 400 years, but the 'New York Times' called these Serbs "rebels," thus lending legitimacy to this nightmare. The 'New York Times' caption under pictures of Serbian refugees being stoned as they fled the neo-Ustashi offensive read: "Thousands of Serbs have been displaced in the Croatian offensive that recaptured three-quarters of a territory seized by Serbian forces in 1991." ('The New York Times,' August 10, 1995)

We will discuss Western government and media support for the reborn Croatian fascism in Part 2.


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Click here to email the link to this article to a friend. We encourage readers to reprint and re-post any Emperor's Clothes article. Please include the article's Web address.

URL for this article is http://emperors-clothes.com/docs/backin.htm


1) On the Nazi-CIA marriage, see "Worst Kept Secrets of the Bumbling Bear,' by Jared Israel. It can be read at http://emperors-clothes.com/docs/gehlen2.htm

2) On the breakup of Yugoslavia, the following are good introductions:

* Diana Johnstone's 'Seeing Yugoslavia Through a Dark Glass: Politics, Media and the Ideology of Globalization,' which can be read at http://emperors-clothes.com/articles/Johnstone/1yugo.htm Johnstone is former International Editor of the magazine, 'In These Times,' and former Press Secretary of the Greens in the Euro Parliament

* 'A Not-So-Nonviolent Debate on the Nonviolence 'Board' at http://emperors-clothes.com/articles/jared/nonviole.html This is a debate between tenc.net editor Jared Israel and Tony Frye

* 'Germany and the US in the Balkans- a Careful Coincidence of National Policies?' by T.W. Carr, the Associate Publisher, Defense & Foreign Affairs

* On the Vatican-Nazi connection, see 'Hitler's Pope,' by John Cornwell at http://emperors-clothes.com/analysis/hitlerspope.htm

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